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Dhaka-Delhi Ties: ‘Imposed Treaties’ Cannot Bring Peace, Security

M. Shahidul Islam

The lopsided treaty of Versailles that was imposed upon Germany at the conclusion of the First World War brought Hitler to power and sparked another Great War two decades later. Likewise, the 25- year treaty of friendship which Delhi foisted upon Dhaka at the conclusion of the 1971 Indo-Pak war is liable for much of the bloody turmoil that had pulverized Bangladesh in the late 1970s, and continues to do so until now.


At least four different uneven treaties/agreements are being prepared for signing during the Indian PM Manmohan Singh's upcoming visit to Dhaka on September 6-7

It was only recently that Dhaka and Delhi have begun to look eye ball to eye ball. Yet, as if the lessons of history were meant to be brushed aside as nonsense, Bangladesh is once again turning into a satellite state. At least four different uneven treaties/agreements are being prepared for signing during the Indian PM Manmohan Singh’s upcoming visit to Dhaka on September 6-7. Excepting the Teesta water sharing agreement, of which little in specific is known as yet, all other agreements are uneven and detrimental to regional peace and stability.

Too much, too fast

Especially the transit deal has moved too fast, despite its onerous geopolitical and economic ramifications. The persistent brinkmanship since it first demanded in 2009 a slew of concessions from Dhaka have finally compelled Bangladesh to capitulate to unreasonable and unfair Indian demands.
While moving with a break-neck speed to secure transit/corridor through Bangladesh, Delhi has also decided to flood our streets with otherwise not-export-worthy Indian vehicles and locomotives, and, to make us energy dependent by finalizing a handful of power connectivity schemes.
Foreign Minister Dipu Moni said on July 18 that Bangladesh and India have taken a “political decision” on transit (read corridor) for India and a number of protocols regarding the transit would be finalized before the Indian PM’s scheduled visit to Bangladesh on September 6-7, which, Moni said, ‘are expected to be signed.’

Power & transportation

That message received a glowing reception in Delhi. The same day, Delhi gave mandate to its state-run power producers-NTPC and its appendix the Vidyut Vypar Nigam Ltd. (NVVN) – the mandate to export 250 MW of power to Bangladesh. “We are going to export 250 MW to Bangladesh from the 15 per cent unallocated power we have, and will develop 1,320 MW at Khulna,” NTPC Chairman and Managing Director, Arup Roy Choudhury, said on the sidelines of an energy seminar.

This particular move seems too hypocritical and unrealistic due to over 400 million Indian consumers still having no access to electricity; a fact that should have compelled Delhi to focus on providing electricity to its own people first before moving aggressively to set up transmission lines with Bangladesh under a dubious pact signed in July 2010 between the Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd and the BPDB of Bangladesh. This power connectivity is expected to be commissioned by early 2013, at a cost of US$ 190 million (around Rs 907 crore).

Already knee-deep into our telecommunication and RMG sectors with over $2 billion stakes, the Indian dash to overtake the transportation and the power sectors is as alarming as is the transit deal.

Yet, finance minister AMA Muhith disclosed last week that his government would spend $960 million of the $1 billion loan committed by the Indian Exim Bank to procure from India 300 double-decker buses, 50 single-decker, 50 articulated, 50 flat wagons, 180 oil tankers and a host of other vehicles and locomotives, in phases.

All these procurements remind one of the sordid memories created by the Indian Maruti taxicab procurement scam of 1998-2000, all those vehicles finding their places in junkyards in less than five years time. This time, the loans must be paid irrespective of the quality of the merchandise provided by India. More loans also mean more tax burden on ordinary people.

Diplomatic shamble

That’s not all. The Bangladesh ambassador in Kathmandu, Neem Chandra Bhowmik, was found by the Nepalese authorities to have indulged in a range of non-diplomatic activities, prompting the Nepalese foreign ministry to urge Dhaka for his immediate withdrawal from the Himalayan kingdom. One source said, some of the allegations against Bhowmik involved spying on behalf of India, something the Maoist-dominated Nepalese elites found utterly reprehensible, undiplomatic and damaging to their national interest. “Dhaka has launched an investigation to verify those allegations,” according to the source.


Neem Chandra Bhowmik involved spying on behalf of India

A former teacher of the Dhaka University, Bhowmik has been a leading stalwart in the Hindu-Buddhist-Christian Association of Bangladesh prior to his hand-picked, mysterious nomination in 2009 to serve as Bangladesh’s High Commissioner in Nepal. The army-backed caretaker regime once arrested and imprisoned him for stirring trouble between soldiers and students in August 2007.

If that was not enough, another hand-picked émigré academician cum diplomat had caused further embarrassment to the government by meeting last week with the exiled Tibetan leader, Dalai Lama, in New York. Dr. A.K. Abdul Momen, who too was chosen as a blue-eyed buddy of the PM to become Bangladesh’s Permanent Representative to the UN, did not even bother to ponder how his meeting with the Tibetan exiled leader would throw a deadly spanner on Bangladesh’s long-held one-China policy.

Free transit

For too long, an agile and doggedly arrogant pro-Indian cabal has showcased the transit deal as a cash cow for Bangladesh. Now, weeks before the deal is set to be inked and wrapped, the economic gains seem negative when the cost of maintaining and securing the infrastructure is subtracted from whatever may be levied as transit royalty from the ferrying Indian vehicles. Besides, not only our limited road infrastructures will be overcrowded-and the venomous wrath of secessionist forces of Indian north east, the Chinese anger notwithstanding, will be drawn into-there is no other tangible quid pro quo laced with the deal. Compare this with how diplomacy got conducted in the past. Soon after the partition of India in 1947, Nehru wrote to Jinnah seeking transit facilities from the Chittagong port to the Indian North Eastern states. Jinnah replied, “Excellency, this request can be honoured in a mutually beneficial manner. Please allow Pakistan to ferry goods from the Karachi port to East Pakistan via India.” Nehru never responded to that counter-offer.

Border dispute

That old-fashioned Indian bluff is called once again due to Delhi showing no intention of resolving the outstanding border demarcation issues with Bangladesh. The euphoria expressed on July 14 by Kamal Uddin Ahmed, a Bangladesh government official involved in the bilateral survey of population living in adverse possessions in both countries, that the so-called head count survey by 125 surveyors from both the countries would be completed in 7 days to prepare ground for the boundary dispute settlement during the Indian PM’s Dhaka visit, has turned sour within days.

On July 17, survey at the Mehgalaya-Bangladesh border had to be abandoned due to what the state-controlled Press Trust of India (PTI) said “difference of opinion between the two sides regarding the location of the international border.” Of course there is difference of opinion, but how long this stalemate can linger?

The decision to jointly verify the enclave population was taken last September and a Joint Boundary Working Group (JBWG) was created to resolve disputes along the Dibirhaor, Sripur, Tamabil, Sonarhat, Bichnakandi, Protappur and Lalakhal in Sylhet, abutting Meghalaya. Other enclaves slated for the survey and demarcation abut the Cooch Behar and Jalpaiguri districts of West Bengal, and, some are along the Kurigram, Nilphamari, Lalmonirhaat and Pachagarh districts of Bangladesh. The survey on hold, no deal on border dispute settlement is expected sooner.

Bitter past

That Delhi is reluctant to settle this combustive matter became clear from other indications. Indian officials claim the population of 111 Indian enclaves is around 100,400 while the 51 Bangladeshi enclaves inside India have 44,000 residents only. Bangladesh, on the other hand, claims it has 55 enclaves inside India and the population of those enclaves is about 150,000 to 300,000. The two nations share over 4,000 km of border, of which about 6.1 km was thought to have remained un-demarcated. Upon closer look, over 15 km of border is found un-demarcated.

Besides, according to Bangladeshi officials, 7,000 acres of Bangladeshi land is inside India and only 3,500 acres of Indian land inside Bangladesh, which India claims to be 17,000 acres. From these wide variations, one can deduce the prospect of additional danger, unless some agreements are arrived at sooner.

That notwithstanding, the tactic being applied by Delhi is reminiscent of what it did in the 1970s. Dhaka and Delhi signed a land border agreement in 1974 and Dhaka expeditiously executed, ratified and handed over the Tin Bigha corridor to India, in return for the Indian commitment to hand over Berubari to Bangladesh. But Delhi never bothered to return Berubari to Bangladesh.
Thus the border demarcation issue remained on the ice, and, for four decades, the residents of Berubari and other enclaves, who are virtually stateless refugees, crossed the international border every day for cultivation and other chores by enduring strict official formalities enforced by the Indian border security personnel.

Things turned further painful when, since 2003, India started to encircle Bangladesh by constructing barbed wire fencing at a cost of $ 3 billion, and, the killing and maiming of thousands of Bangladeshis by the BSF continued unabated. Faced with such hard facts, how Dhaka can concede to unreasonable pressures from Delhi is beyond a sane person’s comprehension.

In politics, permanent interest is more important than cosmetic friendship cloaked under a deceptive blend of hoodwink, guile and blackmailing. There are proxy wars in the Indian North East and they must conclude through political means. If the US can conciliate with the Taliban, Delhi should do the same with the ULFA and the others. Only then a transit through Bangladesh will be risk free.

Connecting the Indian Dots

by Obaid Chowdhury, USA

• • General Moeen U Ahmed, the mastermind of the now infamous One-Eleven and the 2-year run emergency administration in Bangladesh from January 2007 to December 2008, went to India and came back riding on a pack of horses given to him as gift. Ominously, Bangladeshis have since been observing an increased Indian visibility in their soil.

• • Indian generals and dignitaries adored the visitors’ gallery at the Independence Day Parades and other national functions.

• • India stage-managed an election on December 29, 2008 to ensure the victory of its protégé. (See the article below, the Hillaryleak: The Truth Behind the Twelve Twenty-Nine).

• • BDR faced the worst massacre of its history on February 25-26, 2009, when nearly 60 brilliant senior army officers and their family members were brutalized, followed by a systematic purging or partisan cleansing in the military. Reports of an Indian hand in the putsch are galore! The almost daily target shooting by Indian BSF at innocent Bangladeshis indicate India controls our borders.

• • Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina paid homage to New Delhi in early 2010 and gleefully agreed virtually to an uncontrolled movement of Indian ships, barges and trucks within Bangladesh territory. She returned with a burden of $1 billion debt, only to be used to facilitate the Indian transshipment arrangements (Please see another article below on The Billion Dollar Bait).

• • Indian artists and cultural groups have since been visiting Bangladesh and returning with pockets full of corores. In this regard, please visit the following link of an article by Professor Serajul Islam Chowdhury:

ভারতীয় সংস্কৃতির আগ্রাসনে সার্বভৌমত্ব আজ বিপন্ন : আমরা দেশটির পর্নো সংস্কৃতির আগ্রাসনের শিকার


Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina presenting a replica of the ‘Padma Boat’, used by Tagore, to Indian vice-president M Hamid Ansari at the inaugural session of the joint celebrations of the 150th birth anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore in the city Friday. — PID photo

• • Bangladesh celebrated the 150th birth anniversary of Poet Rabindranath Tagore at state level in an unprecedented fanfare this year. Tagore was great but his communal mindset was no secret. He wrote Amar Sonar Bangla’ in protest of the ‘Bongo Bhongo’ of 1905 that were to favor the Muslims of present-day Bangladesh. Again, he elevated George V to ‘Bharat Bhagya Bhidata’ while singing ‘Jono Mono Gono’ in praise of its (bongo bhongo) annulment in 1911. In the presence of Indian invitees at the Tagore Joyonti, Prime Minister Hasina proposed to set up another ‘Shanti Niketan’ in Dhaka. She and many other Tagore worshipers might not be aware that it was Tagore who chaired a 1912 meeting in Kolkata to opposed setting up of the Dhaka University.

• • In the name of Peace Treaty in the CHT, there are renewed troubles and regular Bengali killings there. Indian connivance is suspected.

• • The Hasina administration seem to be in agreement with India which is continuing its implementation of plans to control the waters of 52 rivers, pushing their lower riparian Bangladesh to serious consequences in environment, ecology and economy.

• • Reportedly, the security of Bangladesh Prime Minister is provided by India.

• • The Indian Chief of Army Staff is due to take salute at the graduating parade at the Bangladesh Military Academy on June 19, 2011.

Can we connect the dots and see what it makes?

And, we talk so much about desh prem, jonoganer shartho, mukti juddho, shwadhinata, shwadhinatar shopokkher shokti etc. etc.!!!

Obaid Chowdhury
E Mail : alaldulal@aol.com


Realted article Previously Posted :

The Truth Behind Twelve Twenty-Nine (12/29/2008)

The cat is out of the bag. The truth of 12/29—that is the December 29 (2008) Elections in Bangladeshis now open to the public.

US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton reminded Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina of Bangladesh in a tele-talk on January 15 that the ‘Madam Prime Minister’ should be mindful of the way she came to power. It was an Indian arrangement, supported by then Bush administration of the US. The transcripts of conversation were leaked in the US and found place in a few media outlets in Bangladesh. Some skeptics did doubt the authenticity of the talks; however, to my knowledge no official challenge came from Washington or Dhaka yet. Shafik Rehman of Jai Jai Din fame wrote a very interesting analogy to the reported conversation, which he termed as ‘Hillaryleak’, drawing a reference from the now famous Wikileak of cyber wizard Julian Assange. For ready reference to Rehman’s explanation, please visit the following link:

From Wikileaks to Hillaryleak

It is difficult to ignore the reasoning put forward by Rehman.

Apparently, US Ambassador in Dhaka James Moriarty informed his Home Office that the on going investigations and trial process of the War Crimes in Bangladesh were not following the correct procedures; it was geared more to serve partisan interests. US State Department sent Ambassador Stephen Rapp to Bangladesh to ascertain and report on the issue. He confirmed the reports of Ambassador Moriarty and addressed a press conference in Dhaka on January 13, 2011 to say that Bangladesh needed to revise and reform the War Crime Law in keeping with international norms. The unpleasant findings of the two US ambassadors prompted Clinton to make the call to Hasina.

Two things came clear from the Hillaryleak:

1. Sheikh Hasina’s administration was following Indian advice, if not agenda, on the much-touted trial of the War Criminals of 1971.

2. The December 29, 2008 election was a deep-rooted conspiracy by India, with the support of the US, to ensure Awami League’s victory. And, then army chief, the mastermind behind the almost-military takeover on 1/11, and the ‘great patriot’ General Moeen U Ahmad—who has now found a safe sanctuary in the US—was the front man in the conspiracy.

During the Moeen-sponsored emergency, many people voiced concerns that a conspiracy involving local and international elements was afoot to frustrate the democratic process in Bangladesh with a view to favoring a particular party and a vested group. The result of December 29, 2008 was something the Bangladeshis had never seen since Sheikh Mujib’s partisan election in 1973. In fact, the chief of the Election Commission did brag on presenting a 1973-like elections in 2008. Few missed the joke that Moeen’s ‘computer-driven military efficiency’ and the Election Commission’s ‘excellence per se’ produced a 95-102% voter turnout! Consequently, Awami League led Mohajote bagged a dictatorial majority in the parliament. And, indeed, the party has since been running the show in a virtual autocratic manner that, according to many, surpassed that of Hasina’s father Sheikh Mujibur Rahman’s own in 1972-75.

The result of the past two years’ rule in the country confirms the fact that the conspiracy fear was not a mere cry of wolf. The country saw a BDR mutiny—most say a stage-managed one—resulting in the massacre and elimination of scores of brilliant senior army officers. Indian BSF has had a free hand in target shooting the Bangladeshis on a daily basis, not mentioning the ‘Felani’ brutality, which one cannot even complain. The arrests of many locals who tried to speak for Felani are a case in point. While Bangladesh is being cordoned from all sides by wire fencing, yet it has no crib in allowing Indian legal or illegal border trades. The current administration did not even blink for once to provide the country’s ports for Indian use and roads for Indian traffic or transshipment. It swallowed one billion US Dollar bait from an Indian private bank on hard terms to facilitate Indian business and transshipment. Interestingly, all these facilities would be made by India with Indian materials, resources and experts but to be paid by the poor Bangladeshi taxpayers. Most of the 52 rivers of Bangladesh are drying out, because water is diverted upstream in India rendering the lower riparian areas virtually deserts with insurmountable economic, social, ecological and environmental consequences. Bangladesh has no voice to complain for all these, because its destiny does not seem to be in its own hands. The history of the country’s liberation war has been re-written to give it a partisan stamp, thanks to an obliging judiciary. The RAW, the Indian intelligence agency, is openly operating in Bangladesh. It ensured that the military, police and other law enforcing agencies, bureaucracy, judiciary, education, business, and in fact all aspects of life, are filled with pro-Indian elements.

Is it not time Bangladeshis wake up and see what game the current administration of Bangladesh and its sponsors are playing? Question arises: who owns this country—-Bangladeshis or Sheikh Hasina’s oveseas sponsors? Can we call ourselves sovereign under the circumstances?

From the Hillaryleaks, one can assume that the Election of  Twelve Twenty-Nine was a farce and conspiratorial. Therefore, the result of the elections was invalid and the follow up government illegal. As such, Bangladesh has been under an illegal administration since January 2009.

To clarify the matter, as well as to challenge the above assertion, the administration should immediately constitute an independent commission to find facts and make available to the public a White Paper on the Election on December 29, 2008. Let the people know the truth of Twelve Twenty-Nine. The people of Bangladesh should not pay for the greed and follies of others, if there was a conspiracy. The country needs to be saved before it is too late!

This may please be read in conjunction to an earlier demand for a White Paper on 1/11. For ready reference, please see below.

Obaid Chowdhury


February 4, 2011

A White Paper on 1/11

General Moin U Ahmed, the former army chief, said in his memoirs that the main reason for his ‘patriotic’ action on 1/11 was the UN warning that if army helped in the scheduled elections of January 22, 2007, Bangladesh’s participation in the UN Peacekeeping activities would be hampered. Renata Lok Dessallien, the UN Resident Representative in Bangladesh recently came out with the truth that there was no such communication from the UN. So who is telling the truth? The people of Bangladesh deserve to know it.

The two-year emergency rule of the Moin instigated Care Taker Government (CTG) though brought an immediate halt to the Awami League led savagery that killed scores of people and damaged properties worth millions it left a deep scar in the nation’s nascent democratic process as well as development activities.

In an interview with the Weekly Thikana of New York last year, General Moin bragged—or perhaps lamented—that nobody could have stopped him if he wanted to be the President on 1/11. In fact, it sounded more like ‘It was my mistake; I should have run the show as the President of the country rather than from behind the scene.’

Within the first few months of the CTG, jails were filled with arrested ‘criminals’, including the two former lady prime ministers. After about a year, these very criminals turned into saints overnight and walked out of the jails. These very ‘Dhoa Tulsi Patas’ of politicians were voted to the Sangsad again, some to rule while others to oppose. The people of Bangladesh definitely need an explanation of this Tamasha by the CTG at a huge cost to the exchequer of a poor country.

We saw the real or make-belief pictures of many such leaders dying at every moment due to physical abuse, torture, third degree method, poisoning and sedation applied by the law enforcing and intelligence agencies during custody. Yet, the perpetrators of such terrible and inhuman crime are not made to answer today for their actions. But the people want to know the facts, not the fiction.

People of Bangladesh would also like to know how over 90% people voted on December 29, 2008. Such thing does not happen even in the most developed countries and in the most educated and affluent societies of the world having the most advanced voting facilities. Conscientious people have since been wondering ‘for whom the bell tolled’ on that day! They shudder to think today if they will one day find an independent and sovereign country called Bangladesh being eclipsed!

A White Paper we need for 1/11, the two-year Emergency Rule of the CTG and the road to December 29, 2008.

Obaid Chowdhury

New York, USA

April 23, 2010

The Billion Dollar Bait Bangladesh Swallowed

Under an arrangement between the External Relations Division (ERD) of Bangladesh Government and Exim Bank of India, Bangladesh agreed to receive one billion US Dollars from India at 1.75% interest, with an additional 0.5% for the unutilized credit, repayable in 20 years.

An effusive Finance Minister AMA Muhit bragged that this was the largest bilateral loan Bangladesh ever received. He, however, did not mention that the terms of the loan were the toughest Bangladesh, a Least Developed Country under the UN development index, ever received. Bangladesh, in fact, falls within the sub-group of the Least LDCs, making it an LLDC and qualifying for mostly grants from developed nations. On large-scale loans, interest rate is usually kept around a low 0.25%; and in most cases, such loans are converted into grants subsequently. Never did Bangladesh receive a loan at such a high rate with so many strings attached.

Only after signing the documents, Bangladeshis could learn that fourteen projects costing $600 million had been agreed between the parties. Nothing is yet known of the remaining $400 million.

According to media sources, following are the 14 projects covered under the loan:

1. $71.7 million: Cost of six dredgers from India.

2. $36.2 million: Cost of construction of an internal container port at Ashuganj on Meghna, to be built by India.

3. $31.5 million: Cost of 10 broad gauge locomotive engine from India.

4. $53.6 million: Cost of 125 Broad Gauge passenger couches from India.

5. 5 & 6. $13.4 million: Cost of 117 railway wagons from India.

7. $120 million: Cost of two railway bridges at Bhirab and Titas to be built by India.

8. $30 million: Cost of 300 double-decker buses from India.

9. $6 million: Cost of 50 luxury buses from India.

10. $33.8 million: Cost of road construction and development of Sarail-Brahmanbaria-Sutlatanpur-Akhura-Sonardi, to be constructed mostly by India.

11. $31.4 million: Cost of two flyovers at rail crossings at Jurain and Malibagh, to be built by India.

12. $14.5 million: Cost of road construction between Ramgarh in Bangladesh and Sabroom in Indian state of Tripura, to be built by India.

13. $150.8 million: Cost of power gridline from Bahrampur in India to Bheramara in Bangladesh, to be built by India.

14. $8.92 million: Cost of research and development for Bangladesh Standard and Testing Institute, the technology support to be provided by India.

As can be seen from the above listing, nearly a quarter billion is meant to purchase Indian goods such as dredgers, locomotives, buses and railway couches. To this, one must add the cost of consultation, expertise, technology, additional machineries etc to be hired from India during and after implementation of the projects. Apart from selling Indian goods, promoting Indian business and arranging jobs for Indian consultants in Bangladesh, the projects are designed to set up the “Connectivity” through Bangladesh—and at Bangladesh’s cost—between mainland India and its far fetched and loosely connected Seven Sisters of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura.

This is the Third Phase in a series of fast moving steps India has been working on since 1/11 (2007), with a view to achieving its long awaited desire of politically—and perhaps militarily too—integrating Bangladesh with its northeastern region.

In fact, this desire of integration is as old as the departure of the British in 1947; and, the dream almost materialized in 1971 through Bangladesh’s independence in which India invested so heavily. Unfortunately, for India, August 15, 1975 came as a stopper, and then President Ziaur Rahman’s SAARC (South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation) concept almost jeopardized the plan. That speaks why India never allowed SAARC to take off. At the same time, coercive pressure on a defiant neighbor continued in the stoppage of waters downstream on common rivers, strangling it by wire fencing, illegally occupying South Talpatti island, denying free access to sea by claiming maritime boundary in the Bay of Bengal, aiding the miscreants in the tribal areas, just to name a few. Additionally, RAW (Research and Analysis Wing, the intelligence agency of India) continued its overt and covert operations, thanks to its Bangladeshi agents. High profile national betrayers showed up soon and India grabbed the opportunity to force its scheme.

The First Phase of the rejuvenated plan started during the Caretaker administration of Moeen-Fakhruddin that installed India’s favorite—some say, puppet–Awami League in the government in January 2009.

The Second Phase witnessed the weakening of Bangladesh’s security forces, starting with the massacre of 57 brilliant army officers on February 25/26, 2009 at BDR Headquarters, followed by a systematic cleansing of the military of those elements that did not tow the Awami (or Indian) line. The process of such cleansing continued in the bureaucracy, police, judiciary, educational institutions and other fields. Reportedly, Bangladesh now has Indian commandos and security personnel, ostensibly to ‘protect’ its prime minister and her family members. It is also learnt that many of the country’s thriving garment industries have passed hands to Indians or NRIs (Non-Resident Indians). Many of Bangladesh’s private clinics have Indian nurses and technicians working there.

After the grounds have been prepared with the completion of the second phase, India threw in the Billion Dollar bait to Bangladesh. Its protégé, the Hasina administration, has but to swallow, for providing “Connectivity” to India. According to Foreign Minister Dipu Moni,

We are transforming Bangladesh as a regional hub and when the entire region (in effect Bangladesh and the India’s Seven Sisters) will be brought under the connectivity, India will have access to its northeastern states, unfettered movement of people and goods will be taking place.”

One may ask Dr. Moni how she theorized that Bangladesh would become a regional hub by providing connectivity to Indian states alone (Nepal and Bhutan hardly count in this connectivity). During and after completion of these projects, there will surely be sailab (flood) of Indian goods, Indian machineries, Indian professionals and technicians, Indian workers and Indian businesspersons—and perhaps Indian security forces in open or in guise–everywhere in Bangladesh. Sooner, Bangladeshis may even be talking in Hindi, as do the Nepalese and Bhutanese!

Once the Connectivity is complete, the actual drama—the Fourth Phase–will come to play. It will see the never-ending stream of Indian traffic that will perhaps toss out at passing a few doles at the humbling baskets to make Bangladesh “rich overnight” as its current leadership promises to its dismayed people. The connectivity is not likely to confine to road traffic alone, it will surely infiltrate its activities in other spheres aimed at gradual integration of Bangladesh with India. The freedom fighters, as well as the Shaheed ones from heaven, will then keep asking in disgust and shame: Is it what we gave our blood for in 1971?

If the Awami government were to continue, the Fourth Phase leading to total absorption of Bangladesh within the Indian scheme would not be far away.

Is it not yet time for the Bangladeshis to wake up and demonstrate that they did not fight the Pakistanis in 1971 for nothing, and they can fight again for the sovereignty and integrity of their dear country and people, if need be?

A Obaid Chowdhury
Orginally Posted on August 12, 2010

Source :

Proposed 22 Points for Ending Terrorism, Establishing Human Rights and Ensuring Lasting Peace in CHT

(The opinions and statements contained in the article are those of the author Mr. M.F. Ahmed and do not necessarily reflect the views of DeshCalling.  Similarly DeshCalling is not responsible or accountable for any allegations or accusations contained in the piece. All queries or objections should be referred to the author at bdpatriotbd@yahoo.com)


With the motive of getting Nobel Prize, Sheikh Hasina, the then Prime Minister of Bangladesh, signed an anti-state treaty with the armed separatist group named PCJSS (Parbotto Chottogram Jono Shonghoti Samity) of CHT (Chittagong Hill Tracts) on the 2nd December of 1997 by surrendering the govt’s legitimate rights and citizenship rights of Bangladeshi people on CHT which is one-tenth portion of Bangladesh. This treaty has established PCJSS on the ruling seat in CHT and deprived Bangalee inhabitants from their basic citizenship and human rights. Racist attacks, killings, abductions, kidnappings, torture, collection of tolls, threat of eviction etc continues against helpless CHT Bengalis and tribals who oppose terrorism and racism conducted by JSS leader Shantu Larma.

The country’s security and sovereignty is now at stake because of the immature and anti-state policy of Hasina govt. The whole region is now being controlled by JSS armed gangs compelling people to live in a suffocating situation.

The High Court has given verdict declaring Regional Council as unconstitutional and illegal but the Govt has obstructed the implementation of the verdict by submitting an appeal. This paper will briefly highlight the post-treaty situation and Human Rights violation in CHT.

Wrong claim against CHT Bangalis:

Bangladesh being world’s most densely populated country (area only 1,44000 sq km) of more than 164 million people; CHT, which is one-tenth portion of the country cannot be reserved for only 5 lac tribals. There are about 13 different tribes who have migrated to this area from various parts of India and Myanmar and settled here, they are now accepted as citizens of Bangladesh. Surprisingly, some racist tribals term Bengalis as ‘infiltrators’, settlers, bohiragoto etc. which is fabrication of truth aimed at misleading the foreigners. No citizen, in his or her own country, can be termed as ‘settler’.

Shantu Larma is not a true representative of CHT people:

The vital question is- Is Shantu Larma a legitimate representative of all people living in CHT area? Is he an elected person or has he ever participated in any kind of election to show his popularity in CHT ? Do the 7 lac Bengalis living in CHT also support him as their true representative? No. If so, how, in the treaty, he was accepted as a representative of all people of CHT? Through this treaty Awami League govt surrendered many legitimate rights of the country to JSS and deprived Bangalees from all sorts of rights in CHT. Mind it, how many people does Shantu represent ? 7 lac Bengalis do not support him, again, out of 5 lac tribals more than 50% do not support him. So, he cannot be imposed on CHT people as their true representative. In any two of the plain area Upazillas of Bangladesh, more people live than the total population of 3 districts of CHT.

Illegitimacy of signatories of the treaty:

Again, Awami League leader Mr Abul Hasnat Abdulla, Chairman of CHT Affairs National Committee, signed the treaty as a representative of Bangladesh Govt. Question is, does a committee formed by a Govt be termed as a National Committee when the opposition party(s) did not recognize it as a national committee representing whole nation? Deduction is, the so called CHT Peace Treaty was signed between these two illegitimate parties, one is PCJSS (not representative of all CHT people) and another is termed National Committee.

Absurdity of entering into a treaty:

only 1300 Shanti bahini members surrendered depositing only 600 unusable arms and where Shanti bahini could not capture even a single inch land of CHT, so how can a govt enter into such an anti-state treaty with such a negligible group and with such an illegitimate leader when govt maintains a vast security forces and whole nation is against such treaty?

Terrorism by Shantibahini:

By conducting armed insurgency since 1985, achievement of Shantibahini was that it killed more than 30,000 CHT Bengalis, raped hundreds Bangalee women, burnt hundreds of Bangalee villages, kidnapped hundreds of Bengalis, tortured thousands, bayoneted pregnant Bengali women and extracted tolls from every person living in CHT by terrorizing people with weapons. Around 5 lac Bengalis were internally displaced, some took shelter in Guchcho gram, more than a lac fled from CHT. They also succeeded in driving away one lac tribals as refugee to India to create pressure on Bangladesh by showing refugees.

Reasons for JSS’s surrendering weapons:

JSS started this armed separatism to gain ruling power on CHT. By this treaty, absolute ruling power is given to JSS and all clauses of the treaty framed to ensure systematic eviction of all Bengalis from CHT. The staged drama of surrendering weapons did not prevent JSS from taking up arms again and continue their killings and kidnappings on CHT Bengalis. Moreover, now it has become easier for Shantu Larma to conduct insurgency sitting at Regional Council Office itself. Those who opposed JSS are now demoralised and brought under control of JSS. Areas which were under domination of Security Forces have come under JSS domination once the Security camps have been withdrawn. They could successfully include in the treaty how many security camps will be there in CHT; thus govt’s legitimate right of establishing security camps – could be denied. Hundred crores of Taka allotted by govt for CHT and huge amount of tolls collected from CHT people – have become a big source of earning for JSS. Thus, armed insurgency in CHT- is a very big profitable business. All these power and facilities given to JSS now being used to establish Chakma dominated Jummoland.

Some detrimental clauses of the treaty:

a. Deprivation of Bangladeshi citizens from citizenship rights on CHT:

It is an irony of fact that Bengalis being the original sons of the soil are deprived of their legitimate citizenship rights on the area of CHT which is one-tenth portion of Bangladesh. Any Bengali living in CHT has to collect certificate from tribal Headman/Chairman and Circle Chief to be able to get a Citizenship Certificate and be included in the voter list. Thus CHT Bengalis have been made dependent and subordinate to tribals through the treaty.

b. Restriction on Bangladeshi citizens imposed by CHT Treaty:

Considering Bangladesh as a densely populated country of more than 16 crores people, in average 1.6 crore or 160 lacs people should live in CHT. But now by signing the treaty, Awami League Govt imposed restriction on all Bangladeshi citizens regarding settling, buying land or taking lease of land in CHT without permission of tribal Regional Council. Thus, a country within a country has been created by this treaty.

c. All vital posts are reserved for tribals making Bengalis as second class citizens in own country.

By this treaty, all major posts like Regional Council Chairman, 3 Dist Council Chairmen, CHT Affairs Minister, CHT Development Board Chairman, Circle Chiefs in 3 dists, Refugee Rehabilitation Chairman etc are reserved for only tribals and Bengalis are totally deprived from all these posts.

What is the justification of maintaining an Army of 1.5 lac strength?

If our govt has to surrender one-tenth portion of the country to such an anti-state mini armed group like Shani Bahini (around 400 armed members only), why our nation should feed an Army like this if the Army cannot suppress such a minor separatist group ? Fact is- that our Security Forces fought valiantly and successfully contained the Shanti Bahini for many years; they could not totally eliminate JSS because Shanti Bahini took shelter in neighbouring country where they got training and material support. Many Shanti Bahini members surrendered to our Security Forces including Central Committee members of JSS. Preeti group of JSS surrendered to our Army along with hundreds of it’s members and arms on 29 April 1985. It was expected that very shortly- all members of Shanti Bahini would surrender and leave JSS, but Awami League govt failed to appreciate the ground reality. If the govt has to surrender 1/10th portion of the country to a group of only 400 armed cadres, what will the govt do if another party of more than 4000 armed cadres starts an insurgency?

Neglect to our Intelligence Organization’s assessment:

Awami Govt without assessing the situation, surrendered CHT to JSS sitting at the dialogue table. Even Awami Govt has not taken any intelligence assessment from country’s Security Forces (Army, DGFI) and did not ask for any assessment/recommendation from them; thus Awami govt neglected the dedication and sacrifices of our Security Forces who have been fighting terrorism for more than a decade and contained it successfully.

Deprivation of Bangalees from jobs, education and loans :

Though 5 lac tribals of CHT do not constitute even 0.50% of the total population of Bangladesh (160 million plus), in spite of that- 5% jobs are reserved for tribals. Every year hundreds of tribal students are given admission under Tribal Quota into all Cadet Colleges, Universities, Engineering University (BUET), Engineering colleges etc; but no Bangalee student of CHT is given such quota which is a clear discrimination.

Unending demands of Shantu Larma:

In spite of above, now again, Shantu Larma demands 3 MP posts reserved for tribals. Is Bangladesh a Moger Mulluk ? Can any govt give lease this country to a terrorist group?

Who is Shantu Larma?

Shantu Larma is an anti-Bengali racist person and leads an armed separatist group called Shanti bahini (armed wing of JSS). He conducted armed terrorism in CHT with support from outside the border. He maintained several camps outside Bangladesh border. Though he signed a treaty with Awami govt on 2nd December of 1997, he has not abandoned his separatist ideology, he is now reorganizing once dissolved Shantibahini in another name.

Shantu Larma who is behind genocide and armed terrorism in CHT. Shantu Larma’s hand is wet with blood of more than 32000 CHT people of whom maximum are Bengalis. Through the treaty, he gained the post of Regional Council Chairman and still continuing this post illegitimately without any election though this council has been declared illegal by the High Court. His present propagation is to ensure withdrawal of all Security Forces from CHT and bring CHT under full control of his armed wing. He developed a vast network abroad to mislead international Human Rights organizations including UNO. He spreads continuous racial hatred against CHT Bengalis and plans to evict all CHT Bengalis. In the name of full implementation of the treaty, Shantu Larma is pressurizing the govt to give him more power and authority.

Shantu Larma’s armed wing extracts tolls from every shopkeeper, contractor and businessman worth hundred crores of Taka per year. He is a mass murderer, a known terrorist, racist and foreign agent whose cruelty does not even spare any tribal; Kina Mohon Chakma was eliminated by JSS for opposing the racial ideology of Shantu Larma.

Kina Mohon Chakma, an ex Shanti bahini member, was killed by JSS on 1st December 2006 at Rangamati, his body was mercilessly disfigured. Question is- how far Awami League will be allowed to go against the Bangalees and national interest. How long the nation will tolerate and Awami League supporters will support this Awami regime in going against Bengalis and national interests? How long Shantu Larma will be allowed to spread anti-Bengali racist sentiment and dominate CHT by his armed cadres ? The killing of 28 woodcutters at Langadu of Rangamati dist by chopping up, mass killings at different Bengali villages bears the testimony of the barbaric racism of JSS led by Shantu Larma.

JSS’s propaganda against Security Forces:

JSS activists always propagate that Army soldiers are killing them, torturing them and raping their women but they cannot show any evidence in favour of their claims. One thing that JSS hides is – the massive development activities being conducted in CHT by Security Forces. Hundreds of primary and secondary schools, dozens of colleges, student hostels, religious Kiangs, cultural centres have been established by Security Forces. Lacs of tribal students received scholarships from Army. Hundreds of engines for boats, power tillers and huge relief materials and cash worth crores of Taka donated to tribals by the Security Forces. Hundreds of roads and culverts have been constructed by Security Forces in CHT facilitating the communication and transportation system of CHT. But JSS never lets the foreigners to know this fact rather misleads them with fabricated propaganda.

Deprivation of CHT Bengalis:

On the other hand, Army has not done anything significant for CHT Bengalis. More than 95% donation and assistance given by Army went to tribals. Army even showed reluctance in finding the killers and kidnappers of Bangalee victims. CHT Bengalis are NOT even entitled to compete for the posts of Dist Council and Regional Council Chairman posts. No CHT Bangalee student has access to student quota for admission into university and medical colleges. No quota for CHT Bengalis in govt jobs. Thus the inhuman discrimination against CHT Bengalis is going on and on including threat of eviction. In own country, CHT Bengalis have become a second class citizen due to this illegal treaty and discriminatory policy of Security Forces and Administration.

JSS’s plan for a Jummoland comprising Mizoram and CHT:

JSS has a master plan of establishing Jummoland for Chakmas comprising India’s Mizoram and CHT area. It is to be noted that around 5 lac Chakma living inside Mizoram who are not accepted as citizens of India. As per JSS plan, all other tribes will be driven away to Mayanmar and India once they can establish so called Jummoland.

Partiality of Amnesty International and some section of the UN to JSS:

Learned readers will note that recent Human Rights report of Amnesty International has accused Bangladesh Security Forces but kept mum about the killings and kidnappings being conducted by JSS and UPDF. The reporter of Amnesty International is either biased or influenced by JSS who did not hesitate to term CHT.

Bengalis as ‘Settlers’. He did not feel to respect the citizenship rights of every citizen of Bangladesh; irrespective of tribal or Bangalee’ to live, settle or purchase land anywhere of Bangladesh. CHT being an integral part of Bangladesh, should any international organization show their biasness towards any group of people disrespecting rights of others?

May we humbly ask Amnesty International to collect reports on how many killings and kidnappings so far conducted by JSS since the treaty and how the CHT Bangalees are deprived from Human Rights by this treaty?

Biased recommendation of Lord Eric Avebury of the UK:

Human Right is not for any particular community rather it is for all human kind. But unfortunately, Lord Avebury, being such a knowledgeable person showed his partiality towards JSS demands. He also termed CHT Bengalis as Settlers and proposed to the govt to relocate all CHT Bengalis from CHT and stop their ration. If Amnesty International and Human Rights activists such as Lord Avebury abandons the 7 lac CHT Bengalis who are subjected to endless killings, kidnappings and torture in the hands of JSS armed terrorists; should human right have a separate definition? May we also appeal to Lord Avebury to see the inhuman life-condition of crores of poor Bengalis of plain area or of at least all slum dwellers of Dhaka City ? That will give him a wider view of Human Rights in Bangladesh.

Violation of the CHT Treaty by JSS itself:

Though JSS was supposed to abandon all sorts of terrorism but since the treaty it has killed more than 700 people and kidnapped more than 1300 people in CHT. There are severe armed camps maintained by JSS and there have been several fire exchanges between the Security Forces and JSS, many arms recovered. Threat of eviction against Bengalis continued by Shantu Larma. Racial violence instigated by armed JSS cadres in Khagrachari, Rangamati etc. More than 100 security camps abandoned by Army are now being dominated by JSS armed cadres. There have been several armed clash between the Security Forces and armed group of JSS and UPDF, many arms and ammunition have been recovered by Army and dozens of armed terrorists have been captured. Dozens of Army soldiers including Officer got injured and killed in these clashes. Thus JSS itself has violated the treaty.

Post-Treaty situation and terrorism by JSS:

Since signing of the treaty, Shantu Larma’s armed group and UPDF (United People’s Democratic Front) killed more than 700 persons and kidnapped more than 1300 persons in CHT of whom maximum are Bengalis. JSS also instigated several violence between tribals and Bengalis. CHT Bengalis facing deaths and kidnappings almost every day in the hands of JSS and UPDF terrorists. Since the treaty, several tribals also have died due to power clash between JSS and UPDF. Gun fight between JSS and UPDF is a regular incident in CHT as both of them wants to control huge toll collection and area domination.

In order to establish justice for both tribals and Bengalis, followings are the proposal to Bangladesh Govt:

1) All anti Bangalee and anti state clauses must be cancelled from the treaty. Equal rights of all CHT people, irrespective of Bangalee or tribal, must be ensured.

2) CHT must not be called Tribal Area but Hilly Area.

3) Verdict of the High Court regarding the Regional Council has to be respected and implemented.

4) All tribal and Bengali persons must be given freedom to buy land, settle anywhere and take lease of land anywhere in Bangladesh including CHT.

5) For equal distribution of population, at least one crore people should be facilitated to settle in CHT. There must not be any restriction on settling in CHT by any Bangladeshi citizen.

6) JSS must be tried for mass killings, rape, abduction, taking arms against the country and all other terrorist crimes. General Amnesty given to JSS should not be considered as a free licence to conduct further killings and kidnappings in CHT which they are continuing.

7) CHT Regional Council Chairman post must be given to both tribal and Bangalee people; for example: one term tribal Chairman and next term Bangalee Chairman.

8) A Vice Chairman of Regional Council must be formed, one term from tribal and next term from Bangalee. But at the same time only one post for each group.

9) Another CHT Dist Council to be formed in Kaptai region by declaring Kaptai as a dist. So all posts in 4 dist councils to be distributed equally among tribals and Bengalis. But in each council, if a tribal is a Chairman, then a Bangalee should be the Vice Chairman and vice versa.

10) None should be evicted from his/her land. All CHT Bengalis should be allowed to return to their land outside the cluster villages. All tribals and Bengalis should be allocated with land. Land disputes should be solved by legal way. But 50% land of CHT must be kept in govt’s hand to distribute to increased population in future. All internally displaced Bengalis must be rehabilitated in their earlier places.

11) No discrimination regarding job and educational quotas between tribal and Bengalis. Education rate must be brought to equal to both groups. Equal number of student hostels for Bengali students have to be established.

12) Cultural Centres to be established for CHT Bengalis in all Dist and Upazilla level. Presently, there are only ‘Tribal Cultural Centres’ in every dist town where CHT Bengalis are excluded by the racist name of the institution itself. Alternately, existing tribal cultural centres’ may be renamed as Cultural Centre Rangamati, Khagrachari, Bandarban, Kaptai etc to facilitate access of all types of people.

13) Circle Chiefs to be formed for Bengalis in all dists. Or, there should be 2 tribal Circle Chiefs and 2 Bangali Circle Chiefs and one Vice Circle Chief in each dist where if the Circle Chief is from tribal then Vice Circle Chief should be from Bangalee and vice versa.

14) Security Forces cannot be withdrawn from terrorist-dominated CHT so long racial violence and separatist armed groups are operational in CHT. Positioning of Security Forces must not be a part of the treaty as it is the legitimate right of the govt to site security camps as per country’s security requirement.

15) CHT Treaty must be amended and Bangalee representatives from all dists must be included to represent their people.

16) No racist ideology of Shantu Larma to be tolerated. He should be brought to justice for violating the treaty and restarting armed terrorism in CHT including killing and kidnapping CHT people. All crimes against humanity conducted by JSS must be brought to justice.

17) CHT Affairs Minister and Deputy Minister to be appointed- one from Bengalis and one from tribals, not two posts to one group at a time and it should be rotated.

18) CHT Tribal and Bangalee Conscious Committee should be formed who will discuss and settle their issues. Govt to act as a moderator or referee. Any decision on CHT must not be taken unilaterally and without inclusion of CHT Bangalee representation.

19) Zilla Parishod (Dist council) Vice Chairman posts to be formed in all dists, one Chairman from tribal and one Vice Chairman from Bengalis and vice versa. By declaring Kaptai as another dist, there should be two Zilla Parishad Chairmen from Bengalis and tribals in any two of the dists. The position to be changed cycle-wise between Bengalis and tribals so that no community is deprived from leadership.

20) Security for both tribal and Bengalis in CHT must be ensured. Security camps need to be rearranged based on the armed groups trail and activities. All anti-state activities of JSS and UPDF has to be monitored and necessary action taken to prevent further escalation.

21) Border of CHT must be sealed to prevent infiltration of any foreign groups.
22) Election should be held immediately in CHT for electing Dist Council,Chairmen and Regional Council Chairmen in 4 regions (Khagrachari, Rangamati, Bandarban and proposed Kaptai); unelected persons must not be imposed on CHT people to rule them.


Above is just a glimpse of the situation in CHT. The High Court has already declared the Regional Council as unconstitutional, illegal and anti-state. The govt should pay respect to the verdict of the High Court by dissolving the present JSS dominated Regional Council and ensure equal rights of every Bangalee or tribal citizen living in CHT.

May we also expect that all international organizations and Human Right organizations will talk and act impartially without taking side of JSS? As the biasness of any of their representatives will seriously hamper their organization’s credibility and acceptability as neutral organization, we hope that Amnesty International, UN and Lord Avebury will reflect on the damage done by the biased recommendations of their representatives and review their role respecting the security, sovereignty of Bangladesh and equal citizenship rights of all tribal and Bangalee communities living in CHT. None of their recommendations should spread communal violence and instigate racism in CHT.

All killings and kidnappings conducted since the treaty- must not be left without trial. Crimes against humanity must not be left spared. CHT, being an integral part of Bangladesh; any citizen of Bangladesh must be free to settle in CHT and Bengalis must not be made second class citizens in CHT.

All terrorist camps must be demolished and CHT people must be protected from armed terrorists. Border with India and Myanmar must be sealed to prevent infiltration of armed terrorists and illegal foreign migrants who come to settle in CHT.

All Bangalee and tribal victims of JSS and UPDF violence – must be compensated and rehabilitated.

All sorts of discrimination against CHT Bengalis and peace-loving tribes in education and employment must be stopped. There should be a survey on education and employment opportunities and equality must be brought based on population of each tribe and Bengalis.

CHT people must be freed from the rule of un-elected illegitimate rulers.

I strongly believe that above measures will ensure justice, equality, brotherhood and development for both tribals and Bengalis living side by side in CHT and bring lasting peace for all.

a. Prathom Alo, 28 March 2011.
b. Amar Desh 18 April 2011.
c. Noya Digonto 22 May 2011.
d. Amar Desh 23 May 2011.
e. CHT Treaty between Awami leader Abul Hasnat Abdullah and Shantu Larma.
f. Discussion with several tribal and Bangalee inhabitants of CHT.

MF Ahmed




Final plea from a Judge’s son


Chances are you’ll never read this because you don’t get online. In fact, you stay as far away from computers as I am away from you now. But I don’t know how to talk to you in a way that will “make” you understand. And I need to get out what I have to say because it’s eating me up inside to not say it.

First of all, this letter isn’t meant to hurt you or to upset you. It’s meant more to say things that you declined to listen over telephone despite my best of efforts. And neither mum nor Ronju would help me out to convey my message to you. I totally understand their helplessness but not surprised at all.

I wanted to tell you why it is once in a lifetime opportunity for you to restore the honour and dignity of a person like Dr.Yunus. I hope you can recall my goose bump feelings after meeting Dr.Yunus in 2007 in the corridor of US Capitol Hill. I told you how proud I felt when I saw, in my own eyes, not less than half a dozen US Senators were waiting for about an hour to meet none other than our Dr.Yunus. As I told it many times, but could not resist saying it again, US Senators are the modern day Monarch. One US Senator is way more influential than a King or a Monarch in the Gulf. Our Presidents and Prime Minister find it hard, despite using all the privileges of a Head of State, to get to meet a single Senator when they visit USA. (Sheikh Hasian came two times in the USA since became Prime Minister but could not manage to meet one single senator!)

I told you, by coincidence, it was me, who, Dr.Yunus, whispered to tell the Aide of Senator Hillary (Yes, she was senator then), that it will take another 15/20 minutes before he could wrap the hearings. In case you forgot, Dr.Yunus was attending Senate Finance Committee’s Hearings on Trade Preference and Least Developed Country on May 16, 2007 as a witness. I think you can still find out the letter that I wrote you giving the details of my encounter. I wrote you the names of all those Senators-Late Senator Robert Kennedy, Senator Joe Biden (now Vice President), Senator Hillary Clinton (now secretary of state), Senator John McCain (former Presdientil candidate), Senator Charles Schummer and Senator Bob Casey. (Although not a regular note keeper, I duly noted these names in my diary in far more greater details than my infamous incident of visiting you with Lucy). I also told you how Chairman Senator Max Baucus and Ranking Member Senator Charles Grassly broke protocol when they came down to Witness Table to pay regards to our Yunus. Could you, Baba, tell me who else would give us a moment like this in our lifetime?

I could not resist reminding you another goose bump evoking memory. It was on Wednesday, February 4, 2009   when Dr. Yunus spoke at George Washington University, Washington DC to launch his book World Without Poverty. In an auditorium which hold over a thousand people, I failed to get a seat although I was there about an hour early. I don’t have any memory as inspiring as this one where I have seen thousands of Americans were listening to one of our fellow Bangladeshi in pin drop silence. Not only they listened to his lecture with awe and humility, they queued up as soon as the Q & A session finished to collect a signed copy of Dr.Yunus’s book.  It was past mid-night when Dr.Yunus signed last copy of his book costing US$25.00 each in addition to US$15.00 as admission fee. I can tell you Baba Dr.Yunus could live rest of his life like our erstwhile Zaminders if he wants using the royalties and earnings from his lecture and royalties from his book. And of course, you heard how Presidents of China, Japan, Peru, Mexico etc were in a race, each with their own private/chartered flights to get him in their country as guest speaker.

Baba, among my many failings, you always appreciated my sentiment for the country and my ability to see things apolitically. I don’t know how many people in Bangladesh support the removal of Dr.Yunus, but I haven’t come across one singly non-resident Bangladeshi who is supportive of this move. How can they be? Here in the USA, we are known more by the name of Dr.Yunus, than any other things. And I can tell you, Baba, among those NRBs there are good number who are supporter of the government but at pain to see the way our best son of the country is being treated.

I told you several times, how foolishly we refrained from using such an asset like Dr.Yunus to be a good will Ambassador for Bangladesh around the globe. Just think Baba, had we availed his good will we could have gotten duty free access of our garments to USA long before.

If a man of the reputation of Dr. Yunus, who could muster the US secretary of state to make a personal call to our Prime Minister on his behalf, can be treated with such contempt, what lies ahead for us? God forbid, if US President also follow up on the reactions thus far expressed by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, all nonresident Bangladeshis in the USA should be scared.

Baba, I know in your legal exercise it matters little whether or not Dr.Yunus is the only Bangladeshi who has had the rare distinction of attending leading US TV programmes like Oprah Winfrey Show ,  Jon Stewart Show,  News hour with Jim Lehrer, Charlie Rose Show, C-SPAN, CNN, MSNBC etc. I can tell you, Baba, a President as popular as Obama could not manage to cover the number of networks that our “Yunus” did. I know it matters little to you to know that a simple google search for Yunus produce almost ten times more hits that what our Prime Minister Hasina. [To be precise in less than o.9 second Yunus produced about 18,500,000 results while Prime Minister “Hasina” produced  1,860,000 results (0.15 seconds) ]

But Baba, even if you dispel my submission as mere emotional baggage, but how would you not consider:

What harm it will cause to the country or for that matter to Grameen Bank if Dr.Yunus were to continue as its Managing Director or even in an Advisory capacity if the majority owner/share holder of the bank wants him there.

A person who established this bank with his own sweat and blood would be forced to leave in such an ignominious manner when the fact remains he is no harm to anyone but to a handful of political egoists.

Why the court is so precariously listening to the most dormant owner-Government-but not to the major share holders-26 thousand workforce and 8 million borrowers – of the bank.

Why would not court take into cognizance the failed attempt of the government to remove Dr.Yunus through a Board Room vote on 02 March 2011. (on the day, the government appointed chair Muzammel Huq spring a surprise motion, supported by a letter from the finance ministry, seeking to remove Dr.Yunus from his position of managing director on the grounds of age. But this motion was voted down by all other members of the board including the two other government appointees and nine women borrowers.)

Why would not court invoke its inherent authority, what you so ably applied in case of Journalist Mahamudur Rahman, to consider Attorney General’s public statement as the motive of this case. Attorney General made it clear when he said publicly that if anyone is eligible to get Noble Peace Prize in Bangladesh it is Sheikh Hasina and Shantu Larma.

Whether or not age is a factor should be decided by the Grameen share holders not by the government. (By the way Baba, your favourite Judge Antonin Scalia  of US Supreme Court is now aged 75, while Judge Ms Ruth Bader Ginsburg is aged &000000000000007700000077 and Anthony Kennedy is aged 74. If age is not a matter for them, why it should be the single most criterion Dr.Yunus.)

Baba, you always advised us to be upright, remain vertical. Now would you please care to listen if we, all the people of Bangladesh and global community, barring a few egoists, urge you to act vertically too. So many times, you explained your preference for what you call doctrine of vertical stare decisis. I just want you to follow up with what you preached thus far.

Let me conclude you with what Lucy told me when she read Joy’s letter. She said what kind of people we are where people like Joy prevails while Dr. Yunus is trodden to the lowest zenith. You are aware she knew Joy back from her days in Texas.

Lastly, would you Baba, care to read, once again, Judge Posner’s fascinating book How Judges Think . I thank Afzal Uncle for allowing me the privilege of carrying this book for you. Had I read this book five years earlier than I did, I would have chosen Law as my major  to your liking. This book, as I understood, illustrated in layman’s term “how dreadful it is when the right judge judges wrong. I don’t want to see you in that club.

I thought long and hard before writing this letter, but knowing the chances of you reading it were so slim, and knowing that even writing down what I’m feeling will help me release my frustration, I wrote it.

I guess that’s all I want to tell you now, Baba. I know this will probably hurt or upset you. That was NOT my intention. I’m kind of scared that I won’t find the courage to tell you to your face what I’ve told you here. I hope that this doesn’t destroy our relationship. We’ve been able to disagree before and still remain father/son. I hope that can continue.

I love you, Baba

A request to my fellow members of Judge’s family:

Please make a copy of this letter and make sure your it reaches to your father or mother. Make it sure to let them know how the society would treat us if we fail to stop this miscarriage of justice. We are already close to becoming ostracized by the society, but if we could not stop this we  may have to prepare our own funeral. No matter how hard we try, given the cultural trend, we don’t have a way out to avoid the onslaught of societal humiliation if our parents continue to act for the government, but not the people.

ড. ইউনূসের বিরুদ্ধে শেখ হাসিনা থলের বিড়াল বেরিয়ে পড়েছে

ড. ইউনূস অপসারণ রহস্য মোটামুটি উদঘাটিত হয়েছে। সেই সাথে বেরিয়ে পড়েছে থলের বিড়াল। সেই কাহিনী আজ বলার ইচ্ছা আছে। তার আগে ‘দৈনিক সংগ্রামের’ সম্মানিত পাঠক-পাঠিকা ভাইবোনদের অবগতির জন্য দ্ব্যর্থহীন ভাষায় বলতে চাই যে, হয়ত এই বিষয়টি অবতারণা করার কোনো প্রয়োজনই হতো না যদি আওয়ামী সরকার নীতি নিষ্ঠতার কারণে তাকে অপসারণ করত। গ্রামীণ ব্যাংককে বলা যেতে পারে গরীব মানুষের রক্তচোষা ভ্যাম্পায়ার। যদি গ্রামীণ ব্যাংকের রক্তচোষা সুদের হার কমানোর উদ্দেশ্যে গ্রামীণ ব্যাংক তথা তার প্রধান ড. ইউনূসের বিরুদ্ধে ব্যবস্থা নেয়া হতো, যদি সেই ঋণের টাকা উসুলের জন্য ঋণ গ্রহীতার ভিটামাটির ওপর চড়াও হওয়ার কারণে গ্রামীণ ব্যাংকের বিরুদ্ধে ব্যবস্থা নেয়া হতো, তাহলে হয়ত দেশে এত প্রতিবাদের ঝড় উঠত না। কিন্তু এখন দেখা যাচ্ছে যে, হাসিনার সরকার শুধুমাত্র ব্যক্তির বিরুদ্ধে ব্যবস্থা নিয়েই সব দায়দায়িত্ব শেষ করেছে। সুতরাং ড. ইউনূসের অপসারণকে শিক্ষিত সচেতন মানুষ প্রধানমন্ত্রী শেখ হাসিনার ব্যক্তিগত প্রতিহিংসা চরিতার্থের কাজ বলে অভিহিত করছেন। যতই দিন যাচ্ছে ততোই দেখা যাচ্ছে যে, গ্রামীণ ব্যাংকের ব্যাপারে রাজনীতি, বিশেষ করে আওয়ামী লীগের রাজনীতি, উৎকটভাবে প্রকাশ পাচ্ছে। ইতোমধ্যেই এ ব্যাপারে প্রধানমন্ত্রী শেখ হাসিনার প্রবাসী পুত্র সজিব ওয়াজেদ জয়, দলের জেনারেল সেক্রেটারি এবং স্থানীয় সরকার মন্ত্রী সৈয়দ আশরাফুল ইসলাম ও এ্যাটর্নি জেনারেল এডভোকেট মাহবুবে আলমও এ ব্যাপারে কথা বলেছেন। এখানে উল্লেখ করা যেতে পারে যে, সৈয়দ আশরাফুল ইসলামকে দলের রাজনৈতিক মুখপাত্র হিসেবে কাজ করারও দায়িত্ব দেয়া হয়েছে। সুতরাং তিনি যখন কোনো কথা বলেন তখন সেই কথাকে গুরুত্বের সাথে গ্রহণ করতেই হবে। এছাড়া কিছুদিন আগে ইংল্যান্ডের নামকরা পত্রিকা ‘ইকোনোমিস্টও’ এ ব্যাপারে সুনির্দিষ্ট তথ্য প্রকাশ করেছে। এই সবকিছু এক দিকেই অঙ্গুলী নির্দেশ করে। আর সেটি হলো, শেখ হাসিনার ব্যক্তিগত আক্রোশ চরিতার্থ করা।
প্রথমে শুরু করছি এডভোকেট মাহবুবে আলমকে দিয়ে। তিনি কোনো রাখঢাক না করে বলেই ফেলেছেন যে বাংলাদেশ থেকে যদি কাউকে নোবেল প্রাইজ দিতেই হয় তাহলে সেটা দেয়া উচিত ছিলো প্রধানমন্ত্রী শেখ হাসিনা এবং পার্বত্য চট্টগ্রামের নেতা সন্তু লারমাকে। কারণ, ১৯৯৬ সালে প্রধানমন্ত্রী শেখ হাসিনা এবং বিদ্রোহী উপজাতীয় নেতা হিসেবে সন্তু লারমা শান্তি চুক্তি সম্পাদন করে বাংলাদেশের অশান্ত পার্বত্য অঞ্চলে শান্তি প্রতিষ্ঠা করেছেন। মাহবুবে আলম সাংবাদিকদের বলেন, ‘‘আপনারা নোবেল প্রাইজকে এত বড় করে দেখছেন কেন? বাংলাদেশে যদি শান্তির জন্য নোবেল প্রাইজ পেতে হয়, তাহলে আমি বলব, দু’জনের পাওয়া উচিত ছিলো। শেখ হাসিনা আর সন্তু লারমার। কারণ একটি বিরাট এলাকা সশস্ত্র সংগ্রামে লিপ্ত ছিলো। যেখানে সেনাবাহিনী ছাড়া আমাদের যাওয়ার অবস্থা ছিলো না। সেখানে আজ আমরা স্বাধীনভাবে বিচরণ করছি। শান্তি ফিরে এসেছে। এই শান্তি ফিরিয়ে আনার জন্য দু’জন কাজ করেছেন, শেখ হাসিনা আর সন্তু লারমা। তারা নোবেল প্রাইজ পাননি বলে কি শান্তি প্রতিষ্ঠার ব্যাপারে তাদের যে কাজ, তা কম হয়ে যাবে?’’

চলতি মাসের প্রথম সপ্তাহে প্রকাশিত ‘ইকোনোমিস্টের’ এক রিপোর্টে বলা হয়েছে, ২০০৭ সালে শান্তিতে নোবেল জয়ী ড. ইউনূসের বিরুদ্ধে গত তিন মাস যাবত চলা গণমাধ্যমভিত্তিক অপপ্রচার ও আওয়ামী লীগ সরকারের হয়রানির অংশ হিসেবে তাকে তার পদ থেকে জোরপূর্বক অব্যাহতি দেয়া হয়েছে। ২০১০ সালের নবেম্বরে নরওয়ের রাষ্ট্রীয় টেলিভিশনে গ্রামীণ ব্যাংকের সম্পদ স্থানান্তরের অভিযোগে ড. ইউনূসকে জড়িয়ে একটি ডকুমেন্টারি প্রচার করা হয়। ওই ডকুমেন্টারিতে বলা হয়, ১৫ বছর আগে অধ্যাপক ইউনূস গ্রামীণ ব্যাংক থেকে কয়েক মিলিয়ন ডলার তার ব্যক্তি মালিকানাধীন প্রতিষ্ঠানে স্থানান্তর করেন। পরবর্তীতে নরওয়ে সরকার এ বিষয়ে একটি তদন্ত কার্যক্রম পরিচালনা করে এবং এ অভিযোগ যে পুরোপুরি ভিত্তিহীন ছিলো তা ওই তদন্তে বেরিয়ে আসে। তদন্ত প্রতিবেদন সম্পর্কে নরওয়ে কর্তৃপক্ষ তখনই বিষয়টি বাংলাদেশ সরকারকে অবহিত করে। ‘দ্য ইকোনমিস্টের’ প্রতিবেদনে আরও বলা হয়, এরপরও সরকার ওই নোবেল বিজয়ী অর্থনীতিবিদের আচরণ ও অপপ্রচার অব্যাহত রাখে। প্রতিবেদনে শেখ হাসিনা সম্পর্কে ১৪ বছর আগের একটি প্রসঙ্গের উল্লেখ করা হয়। তিনি তখন প্রথমবার ক্ষমতায় আসেন। সময়টা ছিলো ১৯৯৭ সালের ফেব্রুয়ারি। মাইক্রোক্রেডিট কাউন্সিল সম্মেলনে তিনি সহসভাপতির দায়িত্ব পালন করেন। ঐ সম্মেলনে বিশ্বের বিভিন্ন দেশের রাষ্ট্রপ্রধানরা উপস্থিত ছিলেন। সকলের সামনে শেখ হাসিনা সেদিন গর্ব করে বলেছিলেন, দারিদ্র্য দূরীকরণে ড. ইউনূস ও গ্রামীণ ব্যাংকের অসামান্য অবদানের জন্য বাংলাদেশের সাধারণ মানুষের সঙ্গে আমি নিজেও গর্ব অনুভব করছি। প্রতিবেদনে আরো একটি বিষয়ের অবতারণা করা হয়। ১৯৯৭ সালের ২ ডিসেম্বর পার্বত্য চট্টগ্রাম শান্তি চুক্তি স্বাক্ষরের প্রেক্ষিতে শেখ হাসিনারও নোবেল পাওয়ার কথা ছিলো এবং নোবেল পুরস্কার পাওয়ার জন্য তিনি আন্তর্জাতিক সম্প্রদায়ের সমর্থন পেতে সরকারের উচ্চ পর্যয়ের আমলাদের লবিংয়ের জন্য পাঠিয়েছিলেন। যদিও তখন তিনি তা পেতে ব্যর্থ হন।
মাত্র এক দশক পরেই ড. ইউনূস ওই পুরস্কার অর্জন করেন এবং তার খ্যাতি খুব দ্রুত ছড়িয়ে পড়ে। কিন্তু নোবেল পুরস্কার পাওয়ার ৫ মাস পরেই তিনি একটি রাজনৈতিক দল গঠনের ঘোষণা দেন। ওই সময় তত্ত্বাবধায়ক সরকারের হাতে দেশের শাসনভার ন্যস্ত ছিলো। প্রতিবেদন মতে, প্রচলিত রাজনৈতিক ব্যবস্থার পরিবর্তন ও রাষ্ট্রব্যবস্থার প্রতিটি পর্যায়ে থেকে দুর্নীতি দূর করার উদ্দেশ্যে ড. ইউনূস একটি রাজনৈতিক দলের দর্শন দেশবাসীর সামনে তুলে ধরেন। আর এ জন্যই প্রতিহিংসায় জ্বলে ওঠেন আওয়ামী নেতৃবৃন্দ।


এভাবে থলের বিড়াল যখন বেরিয়ে আসতে শুরু করে যখন আওয়ামী লীগ নেতৃবৃন্দের সঠিক চেহারা উন্মোচিত হতে থাকে। তখন ড. ইউনূসকে বধ করার জন্য মাঠে নামানো হয় প্রধানমন্ত্রীর পুত্র সজীব ওয়াজেদ জয়কে। এই সরকার ক্ষমতা গ্রহণ করার পরপরই প্রধানমন্ত্রী তনয়কে একটি রাষ্ট্রীয় পদ দেয়া হয়েছে। কিন্তু প্রকাশ্যে তিনি এই পদটি এবং সেই সুবাদে সেই পদের ক্ষমতা কদাচিৎ ব্যবহার করেন বা প্রয়োগ করেন। পদটির নাম হলো ‘প্রধানমন্ত্রীর উপদেষ্টা’। ‘প্রধানমন্ত্রীর উপদেষ্টা’ হিসাবে তিনি ড. ইউনূস এবং গ্রামীণ ব্যাংক সম্পর্কে গুরুতর অভিযোগ এনে একটি বিবৃতি দেন। ই-মেইল যোগে প্রেরিত এই বিবৃতিতে তিনি ড. ইউনূসের বিরুদ্ধে ‘জালিয়াতি’, ‘চুরি’, ‘কর ফাঁকি’, ‘ঋণ পুনরুদ্ধারে দানবীয় ব্যবস্থা’ এবং ‘ক্রিমিনাল অপরাধের’ অভিযোগ আনেন। এই ই-মেইলটি কয়েকটি দৈনিক পত্রিকার সম্পাদক, আন্তর্জাতিক সংস্থা, মানবাধিকার সংস্থা, মার্কিন পররাষ্ট্র মন্ত্রণালয়ের উচ্চ পদস্থ কর্মকর্তাবৃন্দ এবং মার্কিন যুক্তরাষ্ট্রে তার কতিপয় সহপাঠীর নিকট প্রেরণ করেন। এই ই-মেইল বিবৃতিতে ড. ইউনূস এবং তার পরিবারের বিরুদ্ধে সজীব ওয়জেদ জয় অর্থ আত্মসাতের অভিযোগ আনেন। ‘ইউনূসের বন্ধুরা’ শীর্ষক একটি সংগঠন গত মঙ্গলবার বলেন যে, এই মানহানিকর বিবৃতির মাধ্যমে ড. ইউনূসের বিরুদ্ধে সরকারের শাস্তিমূলক ব্যবস্থার রহস্য উদঘাটিত হয়েছে। একটি ইংরেজি দৈনিক পত্রিকার প্রতিনিধির কাছে জনাব জয় বলেন যে, ড. ইউনূসের বিরুদ্ধে তিনি যেসব অভিযোগ উত্থাপন করেছেন তার সূত্র হলো দু’টি আইনগত ডকুমেন্ট। এসব ডকুমেন্ট প্রণয়ন করেছেন আইনজীবীরা। মি. জয় বলেন, তার কাছে প্রেরণের পূর্বে এসব সংশ্লিষ্ট মন্ত্রণালয়সমূহে অনুমোদন লাভের পর তার কাছে প্রেরণ করা হয়।
মি. জয়ের এই ই-মেইলে ড. ইউনূসের বিরুদ্ধে যে আক্রমণ চালানো হয়েছে তার প্রধান উপজীব্য ছিলো নরওয়ের একটি টেলিভিশনে প্রচারিত ইউনূসের বিরুদ্ধে অর্থ পাচারের টেলিফিল্ম। সজীব ওয়াজেদ জয় বলেছেন যে, গ্রামীণ ব্যাংক থেকে ৭০ মিলিয়ন ডলার বা ৪ হাজার ৯০০ কোটি টাকা স্থানান্তর করা হয়েছিলো। ঐ টাকা আর গ্রামীণ ব্যাংকে ফেরৎ দেয়া হয়নি। ড. ইউনূসের বিরুদ্ধে সরাসরি অভিযোগ এনে সজীব ওয়াজেদ জয় বলেন, যেসব ব্যক্তিগত প্রকল্পে বিনিয়োগের ইকুয়িটি জমা দেয়া হয়েছে সেগুলোতে দাতাদের অর্থ ব্যবহার করা হয়েছে। দাতাদের এসব অর্থ গ্রামীণ ব্যাংকের নামে জমা না দেখিয়ে ড. ইউনূস এবং তার পরিবারের নামে দেখানো হয়েছে। এ প্রসঙ্গে জনাব জয় বলেন, ‘‘এটি সম্পূর্ণ বেআইনী এবং অর্থ আত্মসাতের শামিল।’’ এ প্রসঙ্গে মি. সজীব আরো বলেন, ‘‘আমার ধারণা, এই বিদেশী অর্থের মধ্যে গ্রামীণ ফোনে যা বিনিয়োগ করা হয়েছে তারও একটি অংশ অন্তর্ভুক্ত রয়েছে। আলোচ্য ই-মেইলে প্রধানমন্ত্রী তনয় কতগুলো অপ্রিয় সত্যকথা বলেছেন। সজীব ওয়াজেদ জয় বলেন, বিপুল প্রচারণা সত্ত্বেও গরীবের দারিদ্র্য নিরসনে ক্ষুদ্র ঋণ কোনো ভূমিকা রাখতে পেরেছে, তেমন কোনো প্রমাণ নাই। গ্রামীণ ব্যাংক বাংলাদেশে ৩০ বছর ধরে ক্ষুদ্র ঋণের ব্যবসা করছে। তারপরও বাংলাদেশ পৃথিবীর দরিদ্রতম দেশগুলোর অন্যতম বলে পরিচিত হয়েছে। তিনি আরো বলেন, ঋণের ওপর গ্রামীণ ব্যাংক সুদ আরোপ করে ৩০ শতাংশ। এছাড়াও বাধ্যতামূলক সঞ্চয়ের ওপর আরোপ করে ১০ শতাংশ সুদ। চড়া সুদ আরোপ করা হয় গ্রামের দরিদ্র মানুষের ওপর। গ্রামীণ ব্যাংক অবশ্য বলছে যে, দারিদ্র্য নিরসনের দায়িত্ব তো এককভাবে গ্রামীণ ব্যাংকের নয়। মি. জয় প্রশ্ন রেখেছেন যে, গ্রামীণ ফোনের মত একটি বিরাট লাভজনক প্রতিষ্ঠানে গ্রামীণ ব্যাংকের ৩৫ শতাংশ ইকুইটি থাকা সত্ত্বেও কেন তারা এই দরিদ্র জনগণের ওপর এত উচ্চ হারে সুদ আরোপ করে সেটা বোধগম্য নয়। উল্লেখ্য, গ্রামীণ ফোনের বাৎসরিক রাজস্ব আয় ১০০ কোটি ডলার অর্থাৎ ৭ হাজার কোটি টাকারও বেশি এবং তাদের লাভ বছরে শত শত কোটি টাকা।
প্রধানমন্ত্রীর পুত্র সজীব ওয়াজেদ জয়ের এই ই-মেইলের সবচেয়ে চাঞ্চল্যকর তথ্য এই যে গ্রামীণ ব্যাংকের প্রতিষ্ঠাতা কে, সেটি নিয়ে তিনি প্রশ্ন তুলেছেন। তিনি স্পষ্ট ভাষায় ঘোষণা করেছেন, ‘‘সাধারণ মানুষের মনে এমন একটি প্রশ্ন বিরাজ করছে যে, ড. ইউনূসই হলেন গ্রামীণ ব্যাংকের প্রতিষ্ঠাতা। কিন্তু কঠোর বাস্তব হলো এই যে, বাংলাদেশ সরকারই গ্রামীণ ব্যাংক প্রতিষ্ঠা করেছেন।’’ মি. জয়ের ই-মেইলের এই অংশটি অসাধারণ গুরুত্বের সাথে বিবেচনার দাবি রাখে। কারণ, ঐ ই-মেইল বার্তায় নিজেকে তিনি পরিচিত করেছেন ‘বাংলাদেশের মাননীয় প্রধানমন্ত্রী শেখ হাসিনার উপদেষ্টা’ হিসাবে। ঐ বার্তায় তিনি দাবি করেছেন যে, তিনি যা কিছুই বলেছেন সেটি বাংলাদেশের সরকারি অবস্থানেরই প্রতিফলন ঘটায়। ঐ ই-মেইলে বলা হয়েছে, ‘‘এখন আমি গ্রামীণ ব্যাংক এবং ড. ইউনূস সম্পর্কে যেসব তথ্য দিচ্ছি সেগুলো বাংলাদেশ সরকারের তথ্য। গত বছর নরওয়ের টেলিভিশন ড. ইউনূসের নেতৃত্বাধীন গ্রামীণ ব্যাংকের অর্থনৈতিক অনিয়মের দলিলপত্র প্রকাশ করে নরওয়ের একটি টেলিভিশন।’’


শেষ করার আগে আমরা আবার আগের কথায় ফিরে যাচ্ছি। ড. ইউনূসকে অপসারণ নিয়ে আমাদের কোনো মাথা ব্যথা নাই। অপসারণকে সমর্থন করা বিরোধিতা করার মধ্যে আমরা নিজেদেরকে জড়িত করছি না। মি. জয় তার ই-মেইলে সরকারি তথ্যের বরাত দিয়ে-নিজেই বলেছেন, গ্রামীণ ব্যাংক গরীব মানুষদের নিকট থেকে ৩০ শতাংশ হারে সুদ নেয় এবং বিগত ৩০ বছর ধরে ব্যবসা করার পরেও গ্রামীণ ব্যাংক অথবা ক্ষুদ্র ঋণ বাংলাদেশের দারিদ্র্য দূর করতে পারেনি। যদি এসব কারণে বাংলাদেশ বাংকের বিরুদ্ধে ব্যবস্থা গ্রহণ করা হতো এবং দরিদ্র মানুষদের ওপর থেকে সুদের গুরুভার লাঘব করা যেত তাহলে হয়ত জনগণ সরকারি ব্যবস্থাকে সমর্থন জানাতে পারতেন। কিন্তু সেদিকে না গিয়ে নোবেল প্রাইজ না পাওয়ার জ্বালা জুড়ানোর জন্য অথবা মাইনাস-টু ফর্মূলা সমর্থন করার জন্য যদি তার বিরুদ্ধে ব্যবস্থা করা হয়ে থাকে তাহলে সেই ব্যবস্থার সাথে জনগণের কোনো সংশ্রব থাকতে পারে না।



Yunus victim of petty jealousy (Video)

http://www.shahriar.info/post-item/3883.html (শাহরিয়ারের স্বপ্নবিলাস)

Dhaka, 08 March 2011

Dr. Muhammad Yunus, the first Noble laureate of Bangladesh, has been ousted from Grameen Bank, the microfinance institution he founded nearly 30 years ago. Dhaka High Court on Tuesday rejected Nobel laureate Muhammad Yunus’s writ petition challenging the legality of his removal as managing director of Grameen Bank. Critics say, the cause behind his ouster from Grameen Bank is for his winning Nobel Peace Price.

‘Why give so much importance to Yunus’ Nobel prize, if anybody in Bangladesh deserves the Nobel Peace Prize, they are, I will say, Sheikh Hasina (Prime Minister) and Santu Larma (Separatist Leader), because they brought peace in the hill districts where no one could enter before without the help of the army,’ Attorney General Mahbubey Alam told reporters in a briefing.

‘Does Hasina and Larma’s not winning the Nobel Peace Prize belittle their contributions to bringing peace to Chittagong Hill Tracts?’ Mahbubey Alam asked.


Book Review : Origins of the Bangladesh Army


Author : Sabir Abdus Samee

Category : New (Academic)

First Published : May 2010

Publishers : Bornali Book Center

Type of book : Historical / Political / Military History

General Subject Matter : History of the Bangladesh Army

Price : Taka 120.00

ISBN : 978-984-645-056-9

This is the first book on the history of the Bangladesh Army. If you are interested about Bangladeshi history, politics and Bangladesh Army, you will enjoy this book.

“Origins of the Bangladesh Army” is available in the following places:

Boi Bichitra
House No- 141, Road-12,
Block-E, Banani

Boi Bichitra
Rupayon Golden Age

491/1 Mogbazar, Wireless Rail Gate

You can ask any salesperson to give you a copy, if you do not find the book in display.

If you have any problem in finding the book, you can contact the author at sabir_samee@yahoo.co.uk

Book Review


Origins of the Bangladesh Army by Sabir Abdus Samee

Amalia Macris

Sabir Abdus Samee’s work Origins of the Bangladesh Army brings a new take on historical and political events, as seen through his eyes and interpreted by him. As the son of a Bangladeshi army officer, he spent his childhood in Bangladeshi cantonments. It is clearly a topic close to his heart that he has tried to bring more light to for outsiders.

The book is divided into five chronological parts starting from 1757 with the Legacy left from the British Raj, followed by the Pakistani years (1947 – 1971) and the war of Independence which took place in 1971 and saw the foundation of the Bangladesh Army. The book continues with the subsequent victory that came in the same year and ends with the Bangladesh Army after Independence (1972 to present). Through this account the author has tried to bring out the truth and challenge views of intellectuals and politicians regarding the Bangladesh Army. Full of references to other sources and quotes from politicians and Army Officials that add colour and dimension to the text Origins of the Bangladesh Army tells the story of those who fought for the Army, those who were sacrificed and those who were victorious. The role of the Bangladeshi media is also analysed in this book, examining the political affiliations of each source and their portrayal of events.

This is a book suitable for anyone who has an interest in military books and reading about historical facts, or for someone carrying out research on the history of Bangladesh to present date. Books on the topic do exist but a Western point of view is often presented, it is therefore interesting and useful to have a book in English giving a Bangladeshi’s perspective of events.

Amalia Macris is a Communication Consultant and Writer. She lives in Cyprus.

You can reach the Author at :


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